Leverage and Margin In Forex and CFD Trading - FINANCE ACADEMY

The comedy how I lost all my money in two hours

I'm trading for 11 months with pretty good success.
I never traded metals and forex before, just stocks. Today when gold started to consolidate at the last hour, I decided to scalp short it with a large amount, so I opened 100 lots. I haven't realised, in forex 100 (lots) doesn't mean "100 pcs", because I used to stocks and I went full retard without knowledge.
Seconds later, I realised it means 10 million dollars (1 lot = 100.000, and I had 500x leverage).
It moved up a bit and immediately I was down £4000. I scared as fuck and rather than closing the position quickly I hoped maybe I could close break even.
The market closed, and I waited for the Asian session. The gold popped like never before, and I lost all my life savings (£55000) in less than two hours. (including the 1-hour break between sessions).
If I count that I lost all my earnings as well, I lost around £85000.
Here is the margin call
https://imgur.com/a/XY5m4ZA
https://imgur.com/a/VSgmCSs
https://imgur.com/pRWl5g9
IC Markets closed my position partially in every 1-2 minutes until I shut it myself at £35.
You know the rest of the story. I'm depressed, crying and shouting with myself.
Yes, I know I was stupid, thanks. I just wanted to share this with you.



Edit: WOW THANK YOU, GUYS! I haven't expected this, but you help me.
Many of you asked the same questions, I answer it here:
- I live in Europe, and we usually trade CFD's, not futures.
- Currency in GBP.
- As you can see, this account made on IC Markets. They not just allowing you a 500x leverage, it's the default.
- You can ask me why I went against the market. Because gold is way oversold? Because I expected institutions would sell their shares before gold is hitting £2000, leaving retails hanging there. Also, as I said, I wanted to scalp, not riding the gold all the way down. If I had a loss of £100, I would close the position immediately. But when I saw the £4000, my heart is stopped, and my brain just freezes.
- I went for a revenge trade with my last £2k, and I don't have to say what happened. I uninstalled the app, and I give up trading for a while.
- Again, in the past months, I was cautious, I lost a significant sum in March, but I managed to recover. Made consistent gains, always with SL. This is just an example of how easy is to fuck up everything you did.
- I didn't come here for some shiny digital medals. I can't tell about my losses to anyone who I know in real life. I would make a fool of myself.
- Anyone who attacking me that it is a scam. Well, think what you want. I feel terrible and the last thing is to answer all the messages saying "You fucking karma whore". I don't give a shit about karma.

submitted by fail0verflowf9 to wallstreetbets [link] [comments]

Plain english warning about CFD trading, just something I wish someone had told me

tl;dr - trading CFD's is the equivalent of drag racing your drunk mate down the freeway into oncoming traffic. No self respecting adult would bother with them, CFD's are for cocaine-snorting thrill-seeking morons (like me apparently) who have no respect for risk management. Don't gamble with your savings.

What are CFDs
CFD's are 'Contracts for Difference'. Very simply, if you have a trading account with the right permissions you can trade in CFD's.
Why are they dangerous
Because say you trade $250, on a normal trade (ie stocks etc) if the price falls by 10% you lose $25, which sucks but isn't world ending. CFD's are NOT like that - they are 'leveraged' which just means that if you put up $50 your exposure is many many many many times larger than that
EXAMPLE
You buy 50 contracts on a stock that is trading at $100 a share.The stock then drops $10 in value.Your exposure is (50 * 100) = $5,000 BUT because your 'margin' is only 5% of that, the initial amount you put up is a mere $250.
So to illustrate:
Stock Trading
Initial Investment - $250
Value drop - 10%
Loss - $25
CFD Trading
Initial investment - $250
Value drop - 10%
Loss - $5,000

Closing remarks
These things are illegal in the US for a good reason.
CFD's are for suckers, don't listen to anything that you hear to the contrary. EU regulators say that 76% of CFD accounts lose money. Let me say that again, 76% of these things lose $&*#ing money. If the odds at the casino were 1:4 there is no fkn way anybody would go. When you trade CFD's you are essentially just gambling but with WAY WAY worse odds.Cited: https://www.iexpats.com/76-of-cfd-traders-lose-money-on-their-deals/
You can't make long investments with CFD's, they aren't a long-term strategy and they are not part of ANY investment strategy with a reasonable risk profile. Please don't make the mistake I did and get sucked into trading them, it's stressful as hell and it is pure bravado driven bullshit.

Stay safe out there folks, times are nuts
Edit 1: Formatting got stuffed up
submitted by loathingq to AusFinance [link] [comments]

Beware of etoro

I have a post that I explained how in etoro you don’t own the stock what so ever but u just own a cfd contract even if you don’t use margin
In this post I’ll explain a little bit about how etoro pays dividends on your stocks even tho you don’t own them and the dangers of trading on this kind of brokers
“”””””””””””””””””””
As I said in one of my replay , the underlying asset is a cfd contract (cfd contracts are decaying assets ) , a cfd contract doesn’t grant you any ownership over the real stock. Let me explain again .
In one of the legit brokers I use , they have this program that if you subscribe in , you give the broker the permission to lend the stocks in your portfolio to other traders who want to short sell the stock , like I have 5 apple stocks in my portfolio, if I’m signed up to the lending programme in this legit broker , then they can take my 5 apple stocks and lend them to someone who wants to short sell them .
1 - by law I’m not paid dividends on those stocks that they borrowed from me , but the borrower is paid the dividend cause he is the owner now as long as he is borrowing my stocks .
2- said broker will pay me 50% of the interest that he charges the short seller
3- the broker will still give me my dividends equivalent but in a form of capital gain ( etoro does pay u dividends equivalent from the commission that he charges on his platform , but not real dividends, )
This might sound complicated but again this is way a broker like etoro can tell their clients that they are buying the asset which in-fact they are not , it is legal but it is a form of word play , the real danger is if etoro goes bankrupt or for any reason doesn’t wna does his part of cfd contract deal then they tottaly can , they don’t do it upfront , but they can halt trading on a certain stock , just an example , a real legit broker will never halt trading on a stock unless the exchange itself halt trading and no one in the world can buy the stock , in etoro you will find that you can’t sell a certain position or open one , while at the same time other traders on other platforms are happily buying the same stock and selling it , this is one form of etoro saying “ I don’t want to keep up to my words that and exercise the cfd contract “
Somethings I said are a bit complicated but etoro banks on the low experience and innocency of their clients .
They actually blocked a popular investor called “harshsmith” because he was allegedly scalping stocks , and he have 2k copiers , so every 1000$ he made is 2 million $ that etoro had to pay to all his copiers , they might not allow scalping and that’s their law but keep in mind , if they are a legit broker they would be happily letting him scalp cause he and his 2k copiers are paying commission, and commission is how they make their profit as they say (big lie , they make it from your losses ) , then why block and profitable popular investor with a lot of copiers paying commission? Cause they are paying him his profit from their pocket and not the real market , I don’t mind them having their own non scalping law , but why have it if your legit ?! More scalping is more commission for the broker right ? Unless it is not a legit broker such as etoro
Hope this helps
submitted by noratooo to stocks [link] [comments]

Beating the UK brokerage via true arbitrage - £8k -> £98k ($128k) since 21st April

Beating the UK brokerage via true arbitrage - £8k -> £98k ($128k) since 21st April
Alright you American autists, here's a gains post from the UK across the pond - listen up because it's pretty incredible, managed to screw over our broker to turn ~£8k into £98k / $128k USD by reading the small print, true u/fuzzyblankeet style.

https://preview.redd.it/9mlup18v0q951.png?width=343&format=png&auto=webp&s=aea1393d304d16063d62d54d30cc5be9b23d937a
Unfortunately, we don't have options trading, commission free robinhood which crashes, or any other US based degeneracy, but instead we British chaps can trade "CFDs" ie. 'contracts-for-difference', which are essentially naked long / short positions with a 10-20% margin (5-10x leveraged), a 'holding cost' and you could theoretically lose more than your initial margin - sounds like true wallstreetbets autism, right? Well grab a lite beer (or whatever you lite alcoholic chaps drink over there) and strap in for this stuff:
So, CMC Markets, a UK based CFD brokerage, wanted to create a West Texas Intermediate Crude Oil 'Spot' product, despite WTI contracts trading in specific monthly expirations which can thus have severe contango effects (as all of you $USO call holders who got screwed know) - this was just a product called "Crude Oil West Texas - Cash", and was pegged to the nearest front-month, but had no expiry date, only a specific holding cost -> already a degenerate idea from their part.
So in early April, just before when the WTI May-20 expiry contract 'rolled' at **negative** $-37, the "WTI Cash" was trading at $15 at the time, but the *next* month June-20 expiry was still $30+ we (I am co-running an account with an ex-Goldman colleague of mine) simultaneously entered into a long position on the "WTI - Cash" product, and went short on the "WTI Jun-20 expiry", a pure convergence play. Sure enough, the June-20 tanked the following week, and we made over £35k, realised profits. But meanwhile the May-20 also tanked, and we were down £28k. But rather than realise this loss, we figured we could just hold it until Oil prices recover, and profit on both legs of the trade.
However, CMC Markets suddenly realised they are going to lose a lot of money with negative oil prices (Interactive Brokers lost $104m, also retards), so they screwed everyone holding the "WTI - Cash" product trading at $8 at the time, and pegged it to the December 2020 expiry trading at $30, with a 'discount factor' to catch up between the two.
https://preview.redd.it/zjjzyahx0q951.png?width=517&format=png&auto=webp&s=9523bab878f06702133631f12c1109081f299f65
Now fellow autists, read the above email and try to figure out what the pure arbitrage is. CMC markets will charge us a 0.61% **per day** holding cost (calculated as the 10x levered value of whatever original margin you put up, so in our case £8k*10x=£80k*0.61% = £500 per day, £1.5k on weekends for extra fun) on our open positions, but also "increase" the position value by 0.61% per day vs. the **previous day's** WTI - Cash value. Got it yet? No? Still retarded? Here's where maths really helps you make tendies:-> If your 'cost' is fixed at 0.61% of your original levered position, but your 'gains' are 0.61% of the previous day's position, then your gains will be ever increasing, whereas your costs are fixed.
So we added some extra £££ (as much as we could justifiably put into a degenerate 10x levered CFD account) and tried to see if it works. Long story short, it does. At this point in July we were making **over £1k per day on a £8k initial position*\* regardless where the WTI Dec-20 fwd moved.
Unfortunately, eventually CMC markets realised what utter retards they were, and closed down the arbitrage loophole, applying the holding costs to the previous day's value. But not before we turned £8k into £98k, less holding costs.
https://preview.redd.it/uh0f8knz0q951.png?width=553&format=png&auto=webp&s=c7e629f72de5aeb4e837ccef44ecae708f058bee
Long story short, puts on $CMCX they're total retards, and given what a startup robinhood / other brokerages are, never assume that only they are the ones taking your tendies away, sometimes you can turn the tables on them!
submitted by mppecapital to wallstreetbets [link] [comments]

Beware of etoro scams

Beware of etoro
I have a post that I explained how in etoro you don’t own the stock what so ever but u just own a cfd contract even if you don’t use margin
In this post I’ll explain a little bit about how etoro pays dividends on your stocks even tho you don’t own them and the dangers of trading on this kind of brokers
“”””””””””””””””””””
As I said in one of my replay , the underlying asset is a cfd contract (cfd contracts are decaying assets ) , a cfd contract doesn’t grant you any ownership over the real stock. Let me explain again .
In one of the legit brokers I use , they have this program that if you subscribe in , you give the broker the permission to lend the stocks in your portfolio to other traders who want to short sell the stock , like I have 5 apple stocks in my portfolio, if I’m signed up to the lending programme in this legit broker , then they can take my 5 apple stocks and lend them to someone who wants to short sell them .
1 - by law I’m not paid dividends on those stocks that they borrowed from me , but the borrower is paid the dividend cause he is the owner now as long as he is borrowing my stocks .
2- said broker will pay me 50% of the interest that he charges the short seller
3- the broker will still give me my dividends equivalent but in a form of capital gain ( etoro does pay u dividends equivalent from the commission that he charges on his platform , but not real dividends, )
This might sound complicated but again this is way a broker like etoro can tell their clients that they are buying the asset which in-fact they are not , it is legal but it is a form of word play , the real danger is if etoro goes bankrupt or for any reason doesn’t wna does his part of cfd contract deal then they tottaly can , they don’t do it upfront , but they can halt trading on a certain stock , just an example , a real legit broker will never halt trading on a stock unless the exchange itself halt trading and no one in the world can buy the stock , in etoro you will find that you can’t sell a certain position or open one , while at the same time other traders on other platforms are happily buying the same stock and selling it , this is one form of etoro saying “ I don’t want to keep up to my words that and exercise the cfd contract “
Somethings I said are a bit complicated but etoro banks on the low experience and innocency of their clients .
They actually blocked a popular investor called “harshsmith” because he was allegedly scalping stocks , and he have 2k copiers , so every 1000$ he made is 2 million $ that etoro had to pay to all his copiers , they might not allow scalping and that’s their law but keep in mind , if they are a legit broker they would be happily letting him scalp cause he and his 2k copiers are paying commission, and commission is how they make their profit as they say (big lie , they make it from your losses ) , then why block and profitable popular investor with a lot of copiers paying commission? Cause they are paying him his profit from their pocket and not the real market , I don’t mind them having their own non scalping law , but why have it if your legit ?! More scalping is more commission for the broker right ? Unless it is not a legit broker such as etoro
Hope this helps
submitted by noratooo to ausstocks [link] [comments]

Beware of etoro

Beware of etoro
I have a post that I explained how in etoro you don’t own the stock what so ever but u just own a cfd contract even if you don’t use margin
In this post I’ll explain a little bit about how etoro pays dividends on your stocks even tho you don’t own them and the dangers of trading on this kind of brokers
“”””””””””””””””””””
As I said in one of my replay , the underlying asset is a cfd contract (cfd contracts are decaying assets ) , a cfd contract doesn’t grant you any ownership over the real stock. Let me explain again .
In one of the legit brokers I use , they have this program that if you subscribe in , you give the broker the permission to lend the stocks in your portfolio to other traders who want to short sell the stock , like I have 5 apple stocks in my portfolio, if I’m signed up to the lending programme in this legit broker , then they can take my 5 apple stocks and lend them to someone who wants to short sell them .
1 - by law I’m not paid dividends on those stocks that they borrowed from me , but the borrower is paid the dividend cause he is the owner now as long as he is borrowing my stocks .
2- said broker will pay me 50% of the interest that he charges the short seller
3- the broker will still give me my dividends equivalent but in a form of capital gain ( etoro does pay u dividends equivalent from the commission that he charges on his platform , but not real dividends, )
This might sound complicated but again this is way a broker like etoro can tell their clients that they are buying the asset which in-fact they are not , it is legal but it is a form of word play , the real danger is if etoro goes bankrupt or for any reason doesn’t wna does his part of cfd contract deal then they tottaly can , they don’t do it upfront , but they can halt trading on a certain stock , just an example , a real legit broker will never halt trading on a stock unless the exchange itself halt trading and no one in the world can buy the stock , in etoro you will find that you can’t sell a certain position or open one , while at the same time other traders on other platforms are happily buying the same stock and selling it , this is one form of etoro saying “ I don’t want to keep up to my words that and exercise the cfd contract “
Somethings I said are a bit complicated but etoro banks on the low experience and innocency of their clients .
They actually blocked a popular investor called “harshsmith” because he was allegedly scalping stocks , and he have 2k copiers , so every 1000$ he made is 2 million $ that etoro had to pay to all his copiers , they might not allow scalping and that’s their law but keep in mind , if they are a legit broker they would be happily letting him scalp cause he and his 2k copiers are paying commission, and commission is how they make their profit as they say (big lie , they make it from your losses ) , then why block and profitable popular investor with a lot of copiers paying commission? Cause they are paying him his profit from their pocket and not the real market , I don’t mind them having their own non scalping law , but why have it if your legit ?! More scalping is more commission for the broker right ? Unless it is not a legit broker such as etoro
Hope this helps
submitted by noratooo to Etoro [link] [comments]

My opinion on T212 scamming people

You don't have to agree with me but everyone is entitled to their own opinion and there is free speach, so here it goes.
Seems like a small portion of people bashing T212 have woken up today. Not trying to underestimate the problems. Just sharing my experience. I have no problems with them. I am investing, not trading tho. Maybe that is the difference, I am not logging in every day rather every other day at most because I have no need to. I have tried to withdraw about 10 000 dollars just to check and it went just fine! Got my money in two days! Also, been using the platform for a few months now.
Don't get me wrong, I am not saying that T212 doesn't have any problems but personally, I have not experienced them, just read about them.
I agree with the customer service part. It is horrible. But platform is fine.
CFDs and margins are really a scam concept in general. I find it very repellent. Using T212 as investing platform is good for both users and T212. We get real stocks and they get a little capital from spread which is so small that it doesn't really matter imho. So win for investors and t212. And for that, it is a good enough platform.
Especially, since there is really no alternative to Robinhood in EU, this is the best we have. Revolut is free only up to 3 trades per month and if you want more you have to be a premium or metal subscriber.
Edit : Also, more problems arise when your average Joe gets his hands on CFDs and margins and he has no clue what it is or how it works but wants to try it anyway. And poof, money disappears. This happens more often than not
submitted by matthew77cro to trading212 [link] [comments]

Q&A SESSION WITH SWITCHEO CO-FOUNDERS IVAN POON & JACK YEU

Q&A SESSION WITH SWITCHEO CO-FOUNDERS IVAN POON & JACK YEUON TELEGRAM at getrichwithmandygroupchat 23/07/2020
Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 11:33]
Hey everyone. Happy to share abit more about what's going on at Switcheo
Jack Yeu, [23.07.20 11:34]
happy to be here 🙂
Q:Brad, [23.07.20 11:35]
Hello Jack
Can you please share some details about future developments and upgrages
A:Jack Yeu, [23.07.20 11:36]
hey Brad, we’re currently working on a few developments for Switcheo, namely Switcheo Tradehub (previously Switcheo Chain) and DeMex (a decentralized derivatives platform built on Switcheo Tradehub)
Q:Brad, [23.07.20 11:36]
I love switcho exchange but little bit conscious about its trading volume and liquidity.
Do you guys have any plan for that?
A:Jack Yeu, [23.07.20 11:39]
yes, Switcheo TradeHub will have an inbuilt AMM model where users can stake tokens into liquidity pools to earn provider fees (quite similar to how uniswap works) to provide liquidity onto the spot trading pairs
Q:Mostafa nazar, [23.07.20 11:35]
Hi
How will BTC be available on Tradehub in non-custodial way?
Will it be like renBTC or will you use different tech?
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 11:39]
renBTC is quite a good protocol which can be used to automatically wrap BTC through an ethereum smart contract, for e.g. seamlessly using it with the deposit / lock contract. However fees are still high and we do have another protocol that we will use initially.
Q:Olexander, [23.07.20 11:36]
What's the plan to Increase the Demand & Value of the native token?
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 11:41]
we have two articles here talking about SWTH token. On top of that there's more value propositions that we're releasing in a future article soon
A:Jack Yeu:
SWTH will be used for validating transactions on Switcheo TradeHub through staking, where stakers will earn transaction + trading fees generated by Switcheo Exchange; there are also other use cases for SWTH tokens - I’ve linked an article below for those who would like to find out more:
https://blog.switcheo.network/enhancing-the-switcheo-token/
Q:Terrupi©, [23.07.20 11:36]
What is your strategy to marketing and for Mass Adoption? What message do you want to send to community through AMA today?
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 11:44]
I don't think such things can be easily discussed in an AMA format. There's many angles to marketing and we are tackling them all. We're also still far from mass adoption in terms of the entire crypto landscape. In the meantime we'll just keep building what we think is most needed.
For today we just want to share more about Switcheo and catch up with our community!
Q:Jacopo DioBrando, [23.07.20 11:36]
Can u talk about Demex and what is the edge of Switcheo compared to other hundreds exchanges u/ravenxce ?
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 11:45]
I think demex will be the first derivative exchange that is scalable and you can place your bets with in a fair and transparent manner
Q:edWARd SNOVden | TFF, [23.07.20 11:36]
Hello, with how many validators will the tradehub start?
There are two different numbers. In the article "Enhancing The Switcheo Token" it's 11, and in a post of Ivan on twitter is "open for all". What is correct?
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 11:47]
It's open for all, but only the top 11 will be active and actually earn block proposer rewards / commissions. As we increase the number of validators, more validators will be able to earn that. So basically it's about controlling how many active proposers there are.
Q:Bhaskar, [23.07.20 11:36]
Security is very important so,how about #Switcheo security systems? Is it enough safe because recently many exchanges get hacked and what makes #Switcheo different from other project?
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 11:48]
I think so. We are looking at NXM (Nexus Mutual) as an insurance option which will also give users more confidence in the DEX.
As mentioned above, we're looking at Nexus Mutual insurance to allow coverage on our ethereum smart contracts. We also will have an insurance fund for the upcoming TradeHub platform.
Q:Nic, [23.07.20 11:45]
With the uprising and adoption of BEP2 standard, slowly most of the ERC20 tokens are migrating to BEP2 and listed on Binance DEX. What is your take on this? Will Ethererum based DEX exist in long run considering the network constraints of Ethererum network?
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 11:49]
Ethereum's current scalability is one of the primary reasons for building Switcheo TradeHub which acts as a sidechain / scaling solution. With that we are confident of solving issues of high fees that currently plague defi, including Switcheo Exchange.
A:Jack Yeu, [23.07.20 11:49]
I think that while Binance Dex has fast order settlements, it still lacks a degree of decentralization with Binance using their .com as a gateway for tokens that already exist on other chains to swap, for example if you want to swap an ERC-20 token to BEP-2, you would have to lock the tokens via .com ; DEXs on ethereum however are getting increasingly expensive to operate due to high gas costs
Q:Suraj Rajput, [23.07.20 11:45]
Defi seems to be a useful $switcheo and concept right now. Many and many finance-related blockchain projects are built with Defi inside. So, beside cooperating with banking, has your team ever thought about integrating Defi into $switcheo platform ?
A:Jack Yeu, [23.07.20 11:50]
our focus has always been around defi with many of the upcoming concepts around demex incorporating familiar products already in the space; i’m not sure what do you mean by cooperating with banking
Q:Nic, [23.07.20 11:45]
Word decentralization means nothing centralized like email, etc. Can developers create full dex exchange on Switcheo no email nothing?
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 11:51]
You can already connect to Switcheo directly from your personal wallet like Metamask or Trust wallet.
Q:A. Ivanov, [23.07.20 11:45]
For Decentralized Exchanges, Liquidity is major Issue.. So, How Switcheo Platform solve the Liquidity problems from it's Exchange?
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 11:53]
We're building cross-chain liquidity pools similar to uniswap and balancer into Switcheo TradeHub, and will have on-chain incentives to attract liquidity providers. We're also integrating these L1 liquidity pools like kyber and uniswap. These combined with external market makers will improve exchange liquidity.
Q:Vincent, [23.07.20 11:56]
Will Switcheo have real BTC trading with order books? In what way will it be similar or different to BTC trading on Nash?
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 11:58]
Of course. No idea how Nash does it as none of their core code is open source till this date to our knowledge.
Q:Brad, [23.07.20 11:58]
Love to see fiat gateway
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 12:00]
We did have a fiat gateway for awhile. But integrating fiat is expensive and not cost effective. We're focusing on decentralized efforts / defi for now.
Q:Ashish Tripathi, [23.07.20 11:56]
Switcheo Platform offers DEX on Ethereum, EOS, NEO ! But Do you have any Plans to add More Blockchains Like Tron, Binance Chain in Switcheo Platform?
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 12:02]
Yes. We really want to add many more blockchains, and will be one of our priorities in the near future.
Q:Roshan 🇮🇳🇸🇪, [23.07.20 12:01]
u/ravenxce Hey there Ivan hope you and your team are in good health
I wanted to know recently with some windows 10 updates logging into Switcheo using the ledger hardware wallet is next to impossible any work around instead of just changing the OS ?
How will you tackle the legal hurdles of integrating a decentralised cross chain platform with a Fiat gateway ?
Thank you in advance
All the best
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 12:03]
I think we added webusb support which should fix most issues on ethereum. For neo routing through a software wallet like O3 is the best. If we have time we may be able to submit an update for the neo ledger app to support webusb, so that can be fixed too.
Q:Joseph, [23.07.20 11:58]
What is the structure of the company, is it a decentralised, open sourced protocol where everybody can contribute? If so, how does the governance plan on being handled?
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 12:04]
For now, most of the development work is centralized. But we're moving towards a DAO model, where it's really community driven and developed in a fully open manner. Blog post soon on this as well.
Q:Michael Jackson, [23.07.20 11:57]
What business scenarios can Switcheo Network support now? In what industry can we see a mass adoption of Switcheo Network technology in the near future?
A:Jack Yeu, [23.07.20 12:05]
switcheo tradehub lets developers build order matching types of platforms (such as exchanges) on the chain itself, we’re also working on actual use cases for tradehub
Q:NasdaQ Ryong, [23.07.20 11:58]
Could you tell us some details about Support of Switcheo? Is it active 24/7?
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 12:05]
Yes. We have someone always available. Max response time is at most 1-2 hours usually.
Q:Jacopo DioBrando, [23.07.20 11:58]
Is it true that on Demex it will be possible to trade more or less any asset?
A:Jack Yeu, [23.07.20 12:06]
yes, anyone would be able to create any sorts of CFD markets
Q:Joseph, [23.07.20 11:56]
Is Switcheo easy for new users? Can you highlights some points that attract users who don't know too much about Switcheo ?
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 12:07]
I think all they need to do is try it to see how easy it is to use. I think being able to trade with an order book plus uniswap / kyber as a liquidity pool is quite unique.
Q:Joseph, [23.07.20 11:56]
How does #Switcheo get profit from running the project?
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 12:08]
For the team, we hold SWTH tokens, so we profit from an increase in treasury as well as earn a proportion of the trading fees
Q:Maxim, [23.07.20 11:56]
I really hadn't heard of the Switcheo Network, but I have used Uniswap. Does it have the same operation and is it easy to manipulate? what differentiates Switcheo from Uniswap?
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 12:09]
It's a little different in that we use a deposit / order book / withdraw model. It's cheaper if you're making multiple orders, and you can do limit orders more easily unlike on uniswap.
Q:Pubudu Eranga, [23.07.20 11:56]
Switcheo is now running on the NEO, ETH and EOS blockchain. One of the future plans of Switcheo is creating their own chain. But is there any specific date for this to happen?
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 12:10]
very soon ™️. our testnet is already ongoing
Q:Mostafa nazar, [23.07.20 11:57]
Will switcheo support elastic AMM pools (for example 20-80%) pools to lower impermanent loss for liquidity providers? Like what balancer did
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 12:12]
Yes, this requirement has been recently added
Q:Raghav, [23.07.20 11:57]
In my opinion DeFi is still in Early Stage & it Needs Huge Developments to grow! But, What are your Future Thoughts for DeFi Markets?
A:Jack Yeu, [23.07.20 12:12]
we do see a lot of current demand and uses for defi products such as curvefi, uniswap, switcheo; which would likely spawn a new wave of more advanced projects built around current defi protocols, such as switcheo tradehub :)
Q:Brad, [23.07.20 11:57]
How robust are you to handle 21st century volume of transactions Your metamorphosis is a laudable one, how have you been able to survive on longest bear market and continue building and developing cos many projects have died out
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 12:14]
We are confident of the scalability of our upcoming platforms. Surviving is a matter of being agile and managing risk and treasury well I guess.
Q:Castro Tiburcio, [23.07.20 11:57]
Few crypto platform project have very slow interface usage on their platform because of overload from the server itself especially when there is big move in the market like btc crash.
How Switcheo platform handle this issue?
A:Ivan Poon, [23.07.20 12:17]
At the moment we have an off-chain matching engine. So we can take the load and queue them up to broadcast to smart contracts asynchronously. When Switcheo TradeHub launches, it will be similar but the matching engine will be distributed across many validator nodes!
A:Jack Yeu, [23.07.20 12:19]
great question - the issue with ethereum onchain dexs that deal with margin/deriviatives would be these sorts of black swan events involving mass liquidations (which would result in high gas fees and failed txns), which then flood the chain and prevent cancellations or stop losses from occuring.
by moving onto switcheo tradehub, we save on transactions costs and benefit from higher tps
submitted by imolev to NEO [link] [comments]

Beware of etoro scams

Beware of etoro
I have a post that I explained how in etoro you don’t own the stock what so ever but u just own a cfd contract even if you don’t use margin
In this post I’ll explain a little bit about how etoro pays dividends on your stocks even tho you don’t own them and the dangers of trading on this kind of brokers
“”””””””””””””””””””
As I said in one of my replay , the underlying asset is a cfd contract (cfd contracts are decaying assets ) , a cfd contract doesn’t grant you any ownership over the real stock. Let me explain again .
In one of the legit brokers I use , they have this program that if you subscribe in , you give the broker the permission to lend the stocks in your portfolio to other traders who want to short sell the stock , like I have 5 apple stocks in my portfolio, if I’m signed up to the lending programme in this legit broker , then they can take my 5 apple stocks and lend them to someone who wants to short sell them .
1 - by law I’m not paid dividends on those stocks that they borrowed from me , but the borrower is paid the dividend cause he is the owner now as long as he is borrowing my stocks .
2- said broker will pay me 50% of the interest that he charges the short seller
3- the broker will still give me my dividends equivalent but in a form of capital gain ( etoro does pay u dividends equivalent from the commission that he charges on his platform , but not real dividends, )
This might sound complicated but again this is way a broker like etoro can tell their clients that they are buying the asset which in-fact they are not , it is legal but it is a form of word play , the real danger is if etoro goes bankrupt or for any reason doesn’t wna does his part of cfd contract deal then they tottaly can , they don’t do it upfront , but they can halt trading on a certain stock , just an example , a real legit broker will never halt trading on a stock unless the exchange itself halt trading and no one in the world can buy the stock , in etoro you will find that you can’t sell a certain position or open one , while at the same time other traders on other platforms are happily buying the same stock and selling it , this is one form of etoro saying “ I don’t want to keep up to my words that and exercise the cfd contract “
Somethings I said are a bit complicated but etoro banks on the low experience and innocency of their clients .
They actually blocked a popular investor called “harshsmith” because he was allegedly scalping stocks , and he have 2k copiers , so every 1000$ he made is 2 million $ that etoro had to pay to all his copiers , they might not allow scalping and that’s their law but keep in mind , if they are a legit broker they would be happily letting him scalp cause he and his 2k copiers are paying commission, and commission is how they make their profit as they say (big lie , they make it from your losses ) , then why block and profitable popular investor with a lot of copiers paying commission? Cause they are paying him his profit from their pocket and not the real market , I don’t mind them having their own non scalping law , but why have it if your legit ?! More scalping is more commission for the broker right ? Unless it is not a legit broker such as etoro
Hope this helps
submitted by noratooo to Daytrading [link] [comments]

Beware of etoro

Beware of etoro scam
Beware of etoro
I have a post that I explained how in etoro you don’t own the stock what so ever but u just own a cfd contract even if you don’t use margin
In this post I’ll explain a little bit about how etoro pays dividends on your stocks even tho you don’t own them and the dangers of trading on this kind of brokers
“”””””””””””””””””””
As I said in one of my replay , the underlying asset is a cfd contract (cfd contracts are decaying assets ) , a cfd contract doesn’t grant you any ownership over the real stock. Let me explain again .
In one of the legit brokers I use , they have this program that if you subscribe in , you give the broker the permission to lend the stocks in your portfolio to other traders who want to short sell the stock , like I have 5 apple stocks in my portfolio, if I’m signed up to the lending programme in this legit broker , then they can take my 5 apple stocks and lend them to someone who wants to short sell them .
1 - by law I’m not paid dividends on those stocks that they borrowed from me , but the borrower is paid the dividend cause he is the owner now as long as he is borrowing my stocks .
2- said broker will pay me 50% of the interest that he charges the short seller
3- the broker will still give me my dividends equivalent but in a form of capital gain ( etoro does pay u dividends equivalent from the commission that he charges on his platform , but not real dividends, )
This might sound complicated but again this is way a broker like etoro can tell their clients that they are buying the asset which in-fact they are not , it is legal but it is a form of word play , the real danger is if etoro goes bankrupt or for any reason doesn’t wna does his part of cfd contract deal then they tottaly can , they don’t do it upfront , but they can halt trading on a certain stock , just an example , a real legit broker will never halt trading on a stock unless the exchange itself halt trading and no one in the world can buy the stock , in etoro you will find that you can’t sell a certain position or open one , while at the same time other traders on other platforms are happily buying the same stock and selling it , this is one form of etoro saying “ I don’t want to keep up to my words that and exercise the cfd contract “
Somethings I said are a bit complicated but etoro banks on the low experience and innocency of their clients .
Hope this helps
submitted by noratooo to Scams [link] [comments]

Benefits of Trading Cryptocurrencies

When it comes to trading cryptocurrencies, you have to speculate whether the market you have chosen will go up or down in value. And the interesting thing is that you never own the digital asset. Actually, the trading is done with derivative products like CFDs. Let's take a look at the benefits of trading crypto currencies. Read on to find out more.
Volatility
While the cryptocurrency is a new market, it's quite volatile because of the short-lived speculative interest. The price of bitcoin dropped to $5851 from $19,378 in 2018, in just one year. However, the value of other digital currencies is quite stable, which is good news.
What makes this world so exciting is the volatility of the value of crypto currency. The price movements offer a lot of opportunities for traders. However, this comes with a lot of risk as well. Therefore, if you decide on exploring the market, just make sure you do your research and put together a risk management strategy.
Business Hours
Typically, the market is open for trade 24/7 because it is not regulated by any government. Moreover, the transactions are done between buyers and sellers across the world. There may be short downtimes when the infrastructural updates take place.
Improved Liquidity
Liquidity refers to how quickly a digital currency can be sold for cash. This feature is important as it allows quicker transaction times, better accuracy and better pricing. Generally, the market is kind of illiquid as the financial transactions happen across different exchanges. Therefore, small trades can bring large changes in the prices.
Leveraged Exposure
Since CFD trading is considered a leveraged product, you can open a position on what we call "margin". In this case, the value of the deposit is a fraction of the trade value. So, you can enjoy a great exposure to the market without investing a lot of money.
The loss or profit will reflect the value of the position at the time of its closure. Therefore, if you trade on margin, you can earn huge profits by investing a small amount of money. However, it also amplifies losses that may exceed your deposit on a trade. Therefore, make sure you take into account the total value of the position prior to investing in CFDs.
Also, it's important to ensure that you are following a solid risk management strategy, which should involve proper limits and stops.
Quick Account Opening
If you want to buy crypto currencies, make sure you do so through an exchange. All you need to do is sign up for an exchange account and keep the currency in your wallet. Keep in mind that this process may be restrictive and take a good deal of time and effort. However, once the account is created, the rest of the process will be quite smooth and free of complications.
submitted by PresentType to opinionesbitcoinevod [link] [comments]

Frequently asked questions worrying trading on Thisoption

Frequently asked questions worrying trading on Thisoption
Issues on specifically how to trade Thisoption are numerous. Below are several of them:

https://preview.redd.it/1u6y8qlf7ke51.jpg?width=700&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=6c07d1349d6f07a686ca1ee11ba9c396b489a58b
Just how to trade on trial account?
To get trial account ease of access, you call for to cash your trading account as well as additionally call consumer support to get a demonstration account credentials.
Specifically, how to trade binary selections?
To trade binary choices, simply cash your account and likewise login into the system. You will definitely see binary choices trading by default.
Exactly how to trade CFD?
To begin trading CFD, fund your account and additionally login into the system. On the top you'll have the capacity to choose CFD trading tab along with start trading CFD.
What are the issues for a perk in CFD trading?
Reward deals are qualified on all CFD professions and additionally are provided by ThisOption approximately 100%, based upon your transferred amount. Incentives are shown to supply a financier an additional margin for keeping settings and/or to open larger quantity settings. With this statement customer need to identify, that Profit as well as Loss (PnL) always relates to customer's Internet equilibrium, not Profit quantity. Rewards awarded by ThisOption are not withdrawable or tradable individually.

https://preview.redd.it/2fvpc9pi7ke51.jpg?width=980&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=5f880668a8bcadf6e2c53bde8d5ef197a75cf110
What time base is utilized by the system?
The moment exists based on Greenwich Time (GMT).
Settlements for properties.
You can find payments for different trading residential or commercial properties in the trading system, on the suitable left side.
Duplicate trading - follow efficient capitalists.
Duplicate trading solution created for beginners and also individuals that intend to trade immediately without hands-on careers.
What is Margin Call?
Margin call is account state when all your open trades will absolutely be instantly shut.
Margin call is set off by 5% margin degree (5% from complimentary funds + opened positions margin).

https://preview.redd.it/na7lh0jm7ke51.jpg?width=969&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=aa28c7577e06c212a5f056b53db566b2423301ba
What is Double Up?
You can double up your financial investment on picked option. When you double up trade, you will obtain duplicate positioning - building, instructions, amount as well as additionally expiration time will definitely coincide, however open rate will certainly differ. New placements will absolutely be opened by existing market value.
What is Rollover?
You can relocate different expiry time on following duration (to present expiration time will certainly be included one duration).
Adhering to troubles must be abided:
  1. Job opportunity should run out the cash (not in profit).
  2. Making use of rollover your monetary investment quantity will certainly be enhanced on 30%. You need to have enough funds on balance.
  3. Till alternative expiry time remaining > 1/4 from picked period.
What is Sell Out?
You can close employment opportunity prior to its expiry time if the setup remains in earnings on 0.1% or even more.

https://preview.redd.it/18uzv1do7ke51.jpg?width=700&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=e7e00eb1f76bed9479350d5d5c119e6f957dcadd
After placement is shut, financial investment will definitely be returned back to your equilibrium.
Judgment.
Trading in Thisoption is now made simple for you. You are now aware of the terms used when trading and exactly how to trade. I assume after reading this material, you are currently all set to trade.
FOR MORE INFORMATION PLEASE VISIT:
WEBSITE
Extons: https://www.extons.io
Thisoption: https://thisoption.com
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/thisoptionexchange
Ann Thread: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5263768
Medium: https://medium.com/@thisoption.com
Whitepaper: https://drive.google.com/file/d/17bk3JD1QNu71uNWXxstowz2mhF1XHnRo/view?fbclid=IwAR0YbgXfHmZCw0mLfx5-btldRtqMp_ZvKVndGMqKLVe1KJdhN39l5YHidnY
Article Written By:
Bitcointalk Username: takishanaak
Bitcointalk profile link: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?action=profile;u=2309130
submitted by trishaanywhite to u/trishaanywhite [link] [comments]

Things you need to know about MT5

Things you need to know about MT5
If you have been involved in online trading for some time, chances are you have used the MT5 software.
Even if you are new to online trading, I am sure you have heard about MT5 from more experienced traders in your network.
But the platform isn’t just popular for no reason. Both traders and brokers find it useful because:
  1. It has impressive functionalities that you can’t get on any other platform
  2. It is openly available to all brokers and traders.
However, that is not all there is to MT5. So this post will be looking at some exciting things about MetaTrader 5, including:
  • Its features
  • The types of account it offers
  • Basic terms every professional trader should know
Before we delve into highlighting the features, let’s look at what MetaTrader 5 really is.
So what is MT5?
MetaTrader is a multi-asset platform that offers traders the tools to trade forex, stocks, and futures.
The first version of the software, MT4, was created in 2005 by MetaQuotes Software Corporation. The second version, MT5, was released in 2010 to offer more functionalities and better trading experience to users and brokers.
With the history out of the way, let’s look at the features that make MT5 the software of choice for most brokers and traders.
5 features of MT5 that make it the market leader
  • Multi-asset trading platform
  • Automated trades to test trading strategies
  • Automated bots by experts
  • Hedging and netting allowed
  • 21 time-frames — from minutes to years
The 3 types of MT5 accounts available on Deriv.com
One of the things that have made MT5 very popular is its open-source nature. This has allowed different brokers to integrate it into their respective trading platform.
But at Deriv.com, we didn’t just integrate MT5 into our platform.
We blended the powerful functionalities of the MT5 with our experience as pioneers in the online trading industry and we call it — DMT5 an all-in-one forex and CFD trading platform.
When you trade with DMT5, you have the option to choose from three different account types, each designed to appeal to traders with varying styles of trading and experience.
The three account types are explained in the images below.

Types of DMT5 account

DMT5 Accounts
It is worthy to note that synthetic indices are only available to Deriv.com traders and can be traded even on weekends.
Another point to note is that while Deriv.com created the synthetic indices algorithm, the market mimics the real-world financial market.
Lastly, let’s look at some of the terms that you should know if you want to succeed in online trading.
Basic terms every professional trader should know
1. Leverage
Leverage gives you the ability to trade a larger position using your existing capital.
2. Order execution
There are two types of order execution: instant execution and market execution.
Instant execution places your order at the price available at that time. Requotes are possible only if the price fluctuates by a lot before the execution of the order is completed.
Market execution allows you to place an order at the broker’s price. The price is agreed upon in advance, there are no requotes.
3. Spread
A ‘spread’ is the difference between the buy and sell prices. A fixed spread is subject to changes at the company’s absolute discretion, whereas a variable spread means that the spread is constantly changing. A fixed spread is not affected by market conditions, a variable spread depends on market conditions.
4. Commission
Brokers usually charge a commission for each trade that is placed. Deriv.com, however, charges no commission across all account types, except cryptocurrencies.
5. Margin call
Your account is placed under margin call when the funds in your account are unable to cover the leverage or margin requirement. To prevent a margin call from escalating to a stop out level, close any open positions, or deposit additional funds into your account.
6. Stop out level
Your account will reach the stop out level where it will be unable to sustain any open positions if it has been under margin call for an extended period of time. This will lead to all pending orders being canceled and open positions being closed forcibly (also known as “forced liquidation”).
7. Cryptocurrency trading
Indicates the availability of cryptocurrency trading on a particular account.
These are the basic things you should know about MT5. If you are new to online trading, we highly recommend you read the following posts:
https://medium.com/@derivdotcom/things-you-need-to-know-about-mt5-961b2665a4fb
submitted by justvisuals to Mt5 [link] [comments]

Let me show you how I make money.

Again within 24 hours of trying to work out a way to make this sustainable and workable for everyone I've noticed it's not worth the hassle to do so. It seems a lot of you expect everything for nothing.

I'm afraid that is not going to work for me. Nothing I am doing is free for me, and if people do not want to pitch in the tiniest bit to help with that I can only conclude one of two things;

1 - The info is not worth $50 to you. In which case it is not worth my time writing it.
2 - People are ungrateful. In which case it is not worth my time writing it.

If people were willing to meet me half way, I'd have went a lot further. People seem to want to stand where they are and shout over to me I'm a scammer for not bringing it all to their feet. That's a perspective. You can have it. I do not mind. But if this is your talk, I'll trade in silence. I'll also show you what happens with the "Scammy" info I was going to provide you for $50.
In the week ahead I'll set up an account with a similar amount to the amount of money people seem to think it's egregious to ask for, and I'll run the same trades on this as will be in the trading plans shared in the proposed offer. I'll use recognised results tracking programs that will automatically verify and display the results.

Build up phase:

I'll start with currency trades. These are the lowest barrier to entry since I can trade micro lots and also have access to leverage. Currency trades should give me about 400 'pips' margin of error. Realistically, I should not need more than 40. I think SPX will be up 2 - 4% next week, this should give gains to on the Aussie against the Swiss (AUDCHF) - I'll go long AUDCHF.

Margin up phase:

After the currency trades I should have enough to trade SPX. I'll start to position short on SPX around 3080 and I'll take a first target of 2377. Given the right setups I'll add to my SPX short as prices are falling to bulk up the net take profit on the trade if it works. I'll trail my stops on the first trades to mke sure I'm not increasing my risk .

Big up phase:

By this time I should have enough margin to trade the Dow. Here I can make some real money. Around 21,000 I'll start to short the Dow and I'll be targeting 10,000. This trade should pay me somewhere in the region of $50,000 per traded lot. During the move I should be able to build up a position of at least 4 - 5 lots on the margin I have. Should be over $200,000 if it hits.

Cash flow up phase:

Once the drop has happened, I will begin to go long and do it in ways that will generate me daily income. I'll do this by transferring about $100K into options account and selling puts for 100 SPY. I'll also switch back to currency trades and I'll engage in what are known as "Carry trades", these will pay me every day I hold the trade based upon the "Swap".
The best carry trades will depend upon what respective interest rates are at the time. Assuming things are similar (relatively) to how they currently are, I will be buying the Aussie, Kiwi and Turkish currencies and I'll be selling them against the dollar and Yen. This will be long AUDUSD, NZDUSD, AUDJPY, NZDJPY and short USDTRY. I'll allocate $50,000 to carry trades.

I'll use the remaining money to hedge and offset risks/losses on my cash flow trades if that is needed, and if not I will use it to make similar trades but ones based upon a short time frame and geared towards risk:reward based profit rather than passive cash flow. I'll keep doing this until the Dow is back to around 17,000 - 18,000.

Crash cash phase:

For the next phase of the drop I will again switch to trading the Dow. This is where I can make most money. I might also allocate $100 - 200K to OTM puts, but since this can be a slower more steady crash it will make more sense to build a position in the CFD market on the Dow. Again my Dow trade should pay over $50,000 per lot. This time building up over 20 lots should be fairly easy.

Cash flow decade phase:

Once the market has crashed I will start to become a big options seller. i'll also engage in carry trades if interest rates are not all screwed up (Which is there are 'currency wars' they could be). Being able to be on the right side of a carry trade will determine if this is viable or not - and that has some variables that can not be known at this time. I'd love to be able to just short USDTRY, though. If it's viable.

With options, I will be selling both put options and call options. I think once the crash has happened we will enter into a long term theta market last 10 - 15 years - this period is known as a 'Lost decade)'. I'll sell SPY puts for under the lows and I'll also sell SPY calls each time there is jumps in upside volatility. I'll be happy to sell SPY calls for 200 for literally years on end.

By this time I should have more than $50.

I'll update my swing plans either bi-weekly, weekly or monthly. Pending on how much free time I have. I'll edit this post to add in the results tracking material when I set it up.

Update: Here's the tracking link. http://www.myfxbook.com/members/2020sBeasomething-for-nothing/6040046

I set the copy software to invert trades & the first trades went short AUDCHF rather than long. That puts me on quite a substantial losing start, but it should not matter. Might push the start of SPX trades back a week. Probably won't. Let me just show the value of what I've been trying to teach you.
submitted by 2020sbear to u/2020sbear [link] [comments]

LSE:PLUS @ 1,329

Plus500 does one thing and it does it really well, CFD trading. It's super simple and easy to use website which is what attracts retail 'investors'. I put investors in quotes because CFD trading is not really investing, it's just complete gambling for 99% of amateurs who have no idea what they are doing.
Until 2018 the regulations around it were very lax too, basically retail gamblers could leverage a lot to buy CFD's. Then in 2018 some trading body (can't remember who) put regulations on their european segment which made it so that retail gamblers could not leverage too much and would get stop losses and such UNLESS they were classed as a professional trader. So then this hurt plus500's revenues and profits a lot short term in 2018 as retail gamblers could not lose as much all of a sudden.
However, long term this regulation is much better than the alternative which would have been to outright ban CFD trading which is why plus500 supports this regulation and has implemented it cross regions I think.
In 2020 the australian regulators are talking about regulating CFD trading as well. However the australian segment makes up only 1/7 of total revenues so this shouldn't affect future revenues too much short term.
So basically the big risk is regulation or outright banning which is why the market is making such a huge discount on this company.
But the upside is plus500 is a cash machine with insane cash flows, little expenses, an addicted loyal gambling base, huge operating margins, huge amounts of insider buying recently.
And the biggest upside of all is that plus500 dominates in periods of volatility because they make money off the spread of the bets.
> Q1 2020 revenues up 487% to $316.6m compared to the same period last year, equivalent to 89% of FY 2019 revenues, resulting in EBITDA* of c. $231.6m for the quarter.
They are going to have a record year due to COVID-19 and the market has hardly noticed, just a 20% gain since that insane upate here: https://www.londonstockexchange.com/exchange/news/market-news/market-news-detail/PLUS/14493925.html
I bought this stock at £8 and I'm also buying tomorrow at £13.29 a ton.
The relative multiples are extremely low and even a DCF valuation of pessimistic scenario's gives a huge 100%+ discount.
submitted by lemonade311 to Undervalued [link] [comments]

r/formula1 – I'm an F1 Engineer/Strategist, Ask Me Anything... (pt 2)

Source
Previous post here.
Questions Answers
How many times in a year do you think you get race day strategy 100% correct? I would say we never get it 100% correct. Race day strategy isn't just about picking the correct number of stops and stop laps for both cars.
Did we take every last drop of grip out of the tyres before we pitted? Did we pressure cars ahead the right amount at every point? Did we back off and protect the tyres the right amount at every point? Did we communicate to the driver exactly what we were trying to achieve and therefore get 100% out of them at every instant in the race? Was the modelling accurate and useful? etc. etc.
We will always be searching for marginal/incremental improvements in everything we do.
I’m in high school and am planning on going to school to become a mechanical engineer, so my question is this: how available are engineering jobs in F1, or just motorsport in general? Of course, being an F1 engineer would be a dream, but I have no idea how difficult it would be to actually find a job I have to be honest and say that jobs in motorsport and especially F1 are not plentiful and that they are often oversubscribed many times over.
I would not let that put you off though, at your age you have a lot of time to pick up skills, experiences and knowledge that will help you in the endeavor of getting a job in motorsport.
I would also say that perseverance is almost an essential quality in finding a job in F1. I, and many others I know, were turned down for roles multiple times and at various points thought we would never get our dream jobs in F1.
Hey, Randy! Thanks for doing this awesome AMA. You have talked a lot about getting into F1 for a career as an Engineer. I was hoping you could shed a bit of light in what skillsets/qualifications you look for in candidates who work as the mechanics and the pitstop crew on a given race weekend. Again, Thanks for doing this. I have read through every one of your answers and they were as much fun to read as they were enlightening about the sport we love. So this is not my area of expertise, although I do spend a lot of time working with the pitcrew - so please take this with a pinch of salt but I think below are the main things we look for:
* Some prior experience in building and servicing of race cars or bikes.
* An ability to understand and follow (often complex) procedures.
* A proactive nature (e.g. when reporting faults or build issues).
* Dealing well with a high pressure and time constrained workload and environment.
* An attention to detail and a willingness to learn.
* Ability to read and interpret technical drawings.
* Fabrication and machining skills.
Really cool to hear from you Randy. How have you and the team at McLaren been spending your time with everything that’s been going on with Covid-19? Hope we can see you go racing in Austria in July! So F1 teams have all been subject to an extended "shutdown" meaning that most of us haven't been allowed to work on F1 projects and many of us, consequently, have not been working in recent weeks.
Personally, I've used the time to try and get fit, having averaged c. 4 hours and 15 minutes of exercise every day since April 1st (yes I do have a spreadsheet), as well as trying to learn some new skills like React.
Many of the team have used the opportunity to spend time with their loved ones, which can be difficult with hectic schedules, to improve their cooking skills (I have eaten the best pizza I've ever had during lockdown!), do gardening and so on.
Everyone seems eager to get back to it and most teams will be returning to work over the next fortnight.
Hi Randy. Thanks so much for doing this, the answers so far have been really insightful. Can I ask, as an armchair fan, what can I look for over the course of the weekend to help me predict likely strategic calls on race day? The main 2 factors are tyre behaviour (degradation, wear life and pace difference) and pitstop loss. From here you can get a basic understanding of the strategy before competitors are thrown into the mix.
Pirelli kindly provide some of the information each weekend on tyres and you can estimate the rest from FP2 long runs towards the end of the session. Pitstop loss is also often given by some teams (maybe rounded or slightly noisified - but close enough to give you the right number of stops).
With those 2 things you can work out the baseline strategy if you were racing alone and then you want to be considering the cars that are a pitstop window ahead and behind and see whether you would stop earlier or later than the baseline based on undercutting, traffic and so on.
Thank you so much for doing this AMA! During last year's German GP, I remember that a lot of us fans were interested in contrasting approaches made by two teams as the track started to dry up. One driver saw that the track was dry enough for slicks, called it in, and got the go ahead to take the gamble; he ended up coming very close to a podium. Another driver made similar observations and appealed repeatedly to his engineer to make the switch, but was instructed to stay out for several more laps, costing him points. I understand hindsight is 20/20 here, but if you were the engineer, would you be more inclined to take the driver's word when they potentially contradict the data, or vice versa? Do you believe there's a "correct" approach in situations like these, or a personal preference? Again, thank you so much! (Typed from my “Mclaren Edition” phone...I can't wait for the season to start, and I really wish you guys the best!) Thank you for the kind words!
I think there is a lot you don't see (not your fault) when it comes to strategic decisions, this is amplified many times over in a wet or changeable conditions race, where decisions are extremely difficult, with lots of information, of varying quality/frequency.
I think we have learnt that it depends. Sometimes, we will weight the driver's input higher than anything else, sometimes it will be the least valuable information.
Do you employ many Americans on the team, and if so what does it take? Assuming they have the technical credentials of engineering. So we have nothing against Americans, nor people of other nationalities - having the right to work in the UK is sometimes required although we do also help with visa applications this isn't always possible for us to do.
In terms of Americans on the team, we have Zak Brown, of course and I'll be honest and say I can't think of any others at the moment, although we have had a few placement students in recent years from the United States.
There's no extra requirement for Americans, especially as we're moving to Mercedes powerunits soon, we won't have too many issues with the pronunciation of Renault anymore.
What kind of people do you have in the strategy department? Are they mostly engineers, or like mathematicians and computer scientists? Although we are largely engineers by degree, we don't really discriminate against other backgrounds and are often quite keen to add a diversity of ideas and backgrounds into the mix - a numerate degree is going to be very helpful though.
We are 60% mechanical engineers, 1 engineemathematician hybrid and 1 physicist.
Is it unusual to go from entry-level engineer to head of strategy in 6-7 years? What do you think drove your success? I think it actually happened even a bit quicker than that - which had never been my expectation when I started.
It's hard to say what is unusual, there are so few "race strategists" in the world, let alone in F1 that I think there's not really a "usual" and often timescales can be quite variable based on circumstance (e.g. someone leaving/changing role).
I guess the success is driven by the confidence and belief in the strategy team, of which I am just a part - so the fact that the other members of the team are so good, that management above us let us independently improve and change our processes without blame nor interference etc. is what has really driven it. Also have the much wider strategy team that includes 10s of volunteers to thank - it truly is a team effort and no single person would have the impact they do without the team around them.
Does race strategist cooperate with aerodynamics department in any way? So, I can't go into details but yes we do. Strategy is a really cool role because we end up dealing with pretty much all other areas - as we also cover things like Competitor Intelligence and Sporting matters.
In a more typical sense, just thinking about race strategy, there are a few areas that spring to mind, aerodynamicists and other engineers will be setting things like the wing level and the trades made here can affect performance in qualifying vs. the race, something that we as strategists are well placed to comment on the value of and also for setting cooling levels, we're responsible for weather forecasting and interpretation and so will often liaise with our aerodynamics colleagues about the risks of it being hotter than certain limits.
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Could you unpack a bit on what "competitor intelligence" does? Thanks! "Mr Holmes, I would love to tell you, but then I'd have to kill you."
I'm afraid that in this case the answer is no. All I can say is that we do some pretty neat things using the various kinds of information (audio, video, images, data, quotes, etc.) to gain intelligence on things like relative performance, other teams and so on.
What’s your proudest moment in F1 to date? Another tough one!
What makes me proudest is the Strategy team at McLaren. The team consists of around 5 people at its core and I can honestly say that they are the most talented, motivated, most passionate and smartest collection of individuals I have ever had the pleasure of working with. Everyone's level naturally rises when you work with people of this calibre and although the team is constantly looking for areas of improvement, challenging each other - it is also really just fun. I am very proud that I've played a part in pulling in each of my strategy teammates.
One other thing that gets close (other than Grand Prix which I'll cover in another answer) is Mission Control. McLaren were kind enough to give me the opportunity to manage the project to design a new Mission Control from scratch, build and deploy it. We were responsible for building contractors, ventilation, budget, aesthetic, even unpacking and setting up over 30 machines. The Mission Control room is an awesome facility and we built it together as a team. A lot of it is secret but here's a photo you are allowed to see:
https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EKssMOfWkAAwPE6?format=jpg&name=large
Hello, Do you go on reddit and check this sub sometimes? I would say more frequently than sometimes and I'm not the only one who works in F1 than does.
The content on here can be amazing at times - from some of the photos, to some of the data visualisations - and sometimes it is just fun to read comments and see how different our perspective of a race/event can be to that of fans.
You've talked about refuelling in a previous answer, and how it might affect strategies, but what is your opinion on the current tyres, and how they basically force the teams to do a two-stop strategy? Would you prefer if the tyres were manufactured in a way that makes them more durable? Thank you! So, I would start by saying the tyres don't force teams into 2 stop strategies, however, the front-runners will have a higher propensity for 2 stops over 1 stops in the current regime, which may present a more skewed picture to fans.
I believe and I think my colleagues and competitors agree, that good racing does involve some strategic flexibility and variety and a good sweet spot is to have races that are at crossover between 2 an 3 stop strategies (crossover means the timings and track position work out such as to be roughly equal).
However, Pirelli are in an unenviable position with regards to giving us tyres that would encourage 2 or 3 stop crossover events, as the drivers also need to be able to push the tyres lap after lap to get good racing.
So you can see that Pirelli have to try and balance both concerns and I think with that in mind they are doing a good job of finding a balance.
The strategy with sainz in Brazil was amazing man Thanks for the kind words but the strategy in Brazil (I hope) was as good as in Austria, or Hungary, etc. We didn't do anything particularly special but in this case the outcome was particularly good - we try and judge ourselves on our decisions/processes/analysis rather than the outcome as the outcome/result can be dependent on chance which is outside our control.
Have you found any books in particular helpful when it comes to the soft skills required working in a multi-department environment, also when it comes to the overarching strategic principles. Building on that, how often do you find yourself acting against the data/conclusions presented to you in favour of your own observations or “common sense” I think the most useful book has been Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix as it really demonstrates the importance of teamwork. Mark Corrigan's seminal "Business Secrets of the Pharaohs" and Michael Scott's "Somehow I Manage" are also essential reading.
Seriously though, a difficult one, I think a lot of skills are picked up outside of books, things like logical problem-solving, being extremely pro-active, etc. however, some books that I find have been useful are:
* Thinking Fast and Slow (almost essential reading, Thinking in Bets is also good)
* The Intelligent Entrepreneur (very inspiring)
* Outliers (to try and replicate some of the factors)
* Legacy (a great book about teamwork and management)
* Resonant Leadership (given to me by manager and a great read)
Speaking from a career standpoint, does having a background in something like biology factor into a possible role at all? Something of a mix of Biology and Engineering (Biomed, Bioengineering etc)? Thanks! It can do - I specialised in Biomedical Engineering as one of my electives in my final year at university, by the way.
Especially in strategy, different viewpoints/experiences/backgrounds can be very useful.
So we're hearing that Austria and maybe Britain is going ahead, is McLaren prepping for this or are they waiting for official word from Formula 1 I can't comment on the calendar as it stands as that would be breaking confidentiality. However, I can say that Liberty and the FIA are working tirelessly to bring a calendar together and it was something that we all discussed yesterday in the Sporting Working Group and is no doubt being discussed on a daily basis in other forums also.
The teams, including McLaren, are trying as well to prepare for the season starting soon whilst remaining flexible such that if there are changes we can adapt to them quickly and well.
How do you judge a mandatory 2 pit stops instead of only one? Can this make the races more enjoyable in your opinion? Thanks I don't think mandatory 2 stop strategies are a good idea. I can talk about this openly as its something we have debated with other teams, the FIA and Liberty as well and as a group we decided against it.
The reason I don't like mandatory 2 stop strategies is that it is artificial and artificial constraints (I believe) will lead to more strange/bad occurrences than good ones.
The benefit of mandatory 2 stop strategies is that everyone will make 2 stops which on average is more stops than we currently do and we believe that more stops (to a limit) typically lead to more exciting races.
However, the downside is that this is purely artificial. If the race is a clear 1 stop and we add a second stop artificially then it's more likely that that stop could be placed in a strange spot, because the sensitivity to its timing could be low - you may see cars pitting very early or late into the race and therefore the race is still like a 1 stop (you don't get the full benefit on racing of the second stop) - especially with a point for fastest lap.
You may then argue that we could force the second stop into a particular window, or set a limit on stint lengths. This also has issues, with cars likely to be concentrated on one side of the window and then there may need to be more artificial constraints.
I very firmly believe that the best way to encourage more stops is to keep constraints on strategists light and influence the primary factors that determine how many stops there are, that is:
* Pitloss (decrease = positive pressure on number of stops).
* Tyre behaviour (worse behaviour = positive pressure on number of stops).
What's it like working for the most positive and happiest team? Let me ask some of my friends at other teams and I'll get back to you soon.
Only kidding 😁 ! I can't say if McLaren is the most positive/happiest team as I've not been everywhere, but its certainly the most fun, positive, happy, smart, etc. etc. team I've ever worked at.
I love it. It's the people that make McLaren (and I know that's a cliche) special and I enjoy working in such a tight-knit, funny, motivated team.
What was the most difficult race strategy wise in your F1 career? My first race, I think stands outs - the 2013 Australian Grand Prix. I started work on January 2nd that year (my first real job in F1), had no strategy experience, had to do lots of winter reporting and had no strategy mentor (as the previous strategist had left already). I'm not sure "baptism of fire" and "thrown into the deep-end" are mixable metaphors but that's what it felt like.
To make matters more "interesting", the data showed and I was convinced that it would be a multiple stop (probably 3 stop) grand prix, based on what we had observed in Winter Testing and during Friday and Saturday running. This was in sharp contradiction to recent history at the Australian Grand Prix - so there were many heated discussions over this (with the majority of the team heavily disagreeing with it being more than a 1 stop race and every member having much more experience than I).
Turns out lack of experience can be an advantage sometimes. Teams tended to do a 2 or 3 stop race, but the latter was much better. Teams were reluctant to add stops given experience and recent history of the Australian Grand Prix and this pushed many into poor strategies, rather than adapting to the tyre behaviour we were observing.
2013 was an interesting year for strategy, with empirical data and lack of bias being really important to getting the strategies right. If you were to look through those races there are certain teams that flip-flopped a lot and others that quickly adapted to the new 'normal'.
Hi Randy, I don't know if this is already over but I'll try anyway. It's no surprise that working in F1 in any capacity must be extremely competitive. Is there any chance for someone considering a career change to be able to get a foot in the door? I work in investment management and realise that I want to be as close to my passion as possible. I'm open to pretty much any job just to get in. Naturally Id hope to have some transferable skills but i would focus on the chance to build skills and potentially go from there. Any advice? Thanks! I think perseverance and desire are key and yes it is possible. Coincidentally, I was working in the investment industry when I was offered the chance to take a full time role in strategy for the 2013 season.
I had worked at Williams for my final year project at university, but had been "out of the game" for a couple years when I got the offer to return.
Hello Randy, I am sorry if this has already been asked. But I would like to know your thoughts on: The new strategy involved on the new regulations/ground affect designs on the new Formula 1 vehicles? Is this a step in the right direction? Love to hear an professional / insider view on these new changes to the sport as the team Engineers do not seem to have a big say in the acceptace of the design limitations from FIA. I personally think the new regulations (Sporting, Technical and Financial) are moving the sport in the right direction and so am looking forwards to them being introduced over the coming years.
I would also say, as it may not be obvious to fans, that teams and engineers are heavily involved in these regulations. Whether that is us helping to draft parts of them, sense check them, vote on them, etc. it is a very open, constructive forum between the teams, the FIA and FOM (and other external experts as required).
Day 5: Mr. Singh is still answering questions. He's now one of us. LEGEND, and thanks to McLaren for allowing this. -Best AMA yet? DCanswered4questions. Haha thank you!
I will probably have to stop soon - but have a few more answers coming on a few families of question I haven’t yet answered. 🙂
Hi, Randy, Your answers are great, thank you! One of my most favorite McLaren performances of recent years was Fernando's insane race in Azerbaijan in 2018, when he had a double tyre puncture but still managed to finish 7th. Were you still his personal strategist back then? What was your role in his success? What were you thoughts when you saw him limping to the pits on two wheels? What did you do after that? What a race, eh? "Personal" strategist, you make us sound like mathematical butlers... 😁.
I wasn't Fernando's strategist at that time, Chris (one of our team) had already taken over by then and I was leading the team. It was not an easy race, although it may look like we sat back and watched, there's a lot of decisions made that you don't see and a lot of decisions made not to do stuff.
It was a good team effort from everyone to stay calm and try and pick up the pieces after the incident on the first lap, when the car rolled into the pits we did consider retiring it - but as a famous paper salesman once said "you miss 100% of the shots you don't take". What outsiders (who get special access) often notice is that the team stays calm, you can't get wobbly or excited over the incident/accident, you need to be calm, methodical and logical.
Great ama I think this is my favourite question so far. 😀
To be honest, the questions are very interesting and I have had so many people answer questions for me when I was in the position of being a fan/student and that changed my life by helping me get my dream job. If I can give back a fraction of the help/information I've received then I'll feel very happy!
How contagious is Landos laugh? I don't know about you but I find it quite grating. Do you know the feeling you get when you hear someone scratch their nails across a blackboard, or when your alarm goes off and you're still tired?
In all seriousness though, Lando is a funny guy and does always keep the mood nice and light.
Hi Randy. Who is your favourite member of the IT team? Sincerely, Definitely not a member of the IT team. Trick question! I don't have a favourite member of the IT team. 😁
Is there any role for physicians/doctors on race teams? As doctors, I would probably say no. Most teams won't employ their own doctors anymore or will do so in a very limited capacity.
However, that doesn't mean we don't have medical support, it tends to come through external organisations that support F1, such as Formula Medicine, for example, or the FIA's Medical Programme.
We also occasionally get applications for strategists who have a medical background - and that isn't something we look down upon, if anything it may provide a skillset/experiences that would be complementary to those of 'mostly engineers'.
I understand you may not answer because this may be sensitive, but Which method of steering the ship do you think is more effective ? The steely dictatorial grip of Ron Dennis or the More lenient managerial approach of Zak brown ? From a fan perspective, I love that mclaren drivers aren’t on such a tight leash. I never really worked under Ron as I joined in mid-2015. I have to say that the management style I’ve experienced throughout has been great - no blame culture, very open and understanding, letting the experts make decisions, etc.
Have you ever sat on the pitwall at the start and said (even to yourself) "And it's lights out and away we go."? I haven’t! I imagine I now will at whichever Grand Prix we get the pleasure of starting first this year.
Is Ferrari’s strategy as much of a running joke in the paddock as it is by the fans and here on reddit? Maybe you can’t really answer that truthfully but I’ve always been curious. It’s obviously a difficult job but I do wonder if they shoot themselves in the foot as often as it seems from the fans perspective. Answered elsewhere in the thread.
It's a difficult, stressful job, so you always have respect for your competitors.
In your experience, would adding flame decals to my truck make it go faster? Where are you going to place them? What colour are the flames?
Hey randy, i am a 15 year old girl who lives in india and my dream is to become a formula one engineer or work in f1 in anyway. What do u think are the educational qualifications needed to become a formula 1 engineer and what exposure do u think i need to even be close to full filling my dream. I have been following mclaren f1 team for quite some while now and love the friendly environment inside the team. As PapaKeth says, hopefully there are some answers to your question about what qualifications are required in my other comments.
Can I say though, don't let being 15, female, or living in India deter you - none of those things are a blocker to getting a job in F1 in the future.
Hi ! Thank you for answering some of our questions ! I've been wanting to ask, in the event of a car failure ( engine failure, hydraulics failure, etc) how do you become aware of it ? Do you have a real time data link to the car as an engineer ? Or is it something you see on a TV ? So we get data from the cars "live", there are hundreds of sensors on each car and this data is transmitted to us at the track and we also transmit it back to HQ in Woking. There are tens of people looking at the data and typically we will spot problems in the data, or based on feedback from the drivers, before we see them on TV.
That doesn't mean that we never spot stuff on TV first - sometimes you don't have instrumentation for certain things and so you may spot it visually first and the TV feed is a good way of sense-checking in some cases as well.
Do you think Stoffel deserved to still be in F1? (Not necessarily with McLaren) 100% - he is a great talent and I'm very glad that he is doing so well in Formula E.
Hi, thanks for doing this Q&A. Working for an F1 team is the dream, though I understand it's very difficult to get in. I'm disabled, would this matter to an employer? Do you have any advice on how I could approach this to someone as I'm just finishing my first year at University and hoping to apply for internships. Also, (sorry if you've answered this question already) I am studying Mathematics probably going to move into Mathematics and Statistics. Would it be possible to apply for a strategist position with a Mathematics degree? Your disability should not matter to an employer and I really believe it will not. We have people with disabilities working at McLaren. Perhaps if it is something you are concerned about or if its a disability that a team (or McLaren) could help make easier to manage (apologies if my wording is not sensitive) then I would highlight that in your application when you apply for a role.
Mathematics is entirely sensible as a background for a strategist role. I started off in Mathematics (& Statistics) before I moved over to Engineering (I found Mathematics at university to be too abstract for my liking). If you are doing Statistics anything that covers stochastic modelling would be particularly relevant to strategy.
I want to work in F1 in the future and preferably an engineer role. Would studying Mechanical Engineering be the best course to get a chance? Thanks I would say the majority of F1 engineers have studied Mechanical Engineering but that doesn't necessarily equate to it giving you the best chance of getting in. Engineering skills (and particularly mechanical engineering skills) will make you suitable for a multitude of roles in an F1 team (from strategy, to design engineering, to race engineering and performance analysis), so naturally you would expect more mechanical engineers.
I would have a think about the role that you would like to do and what qualifications would give you the best chance for that role, it could be that its Computer Science instead, or Aerodynamics, or maybe it is Mechanical Engineering. I would also think heavily about how interested you are in said degree - a degree is not a small investment of time, money and effort and its important you do something you enjoy.
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Hey Randy, this answer was not directed at me but I just want to let you know it really just helped me out. I recently dropped out of mechanical engineering because I wasn't enjoying it and made the switch to computer science. It really pained me for a while thinking about giving up the F1 dream because my career choice wasn't ideal for me. So yeah, thanks. While I'm at it I'd like to add a question about computer science in an F1 team, what kind of roles could I take part of with that degree (specificaly at the track, though I see how that's a bit less likely)? Are there masters degrees or specializations more sought after in certain areas? Again, thanks a lot for you time in answering these questions and apologies for the bad english 😅 Hi, no worries and thank you for the appreciation.
Computer Science is a numerate enough degree at most places that you could lend yourself to any role as long as you can pick up the required engineering knowledge as well. Obviously, something in areas like Software Engineering, IT or Vehicle Science/Modelling may be most relevant/easy but there aren't necessarily many trackside opportunities in those areas.
Hello, First of all, thanks for answering all those questions. It's nice for us students dreaming of F1 to have something to look up to. So I am studying mechanical engineering in France and I am really looking forward to become a Motorsport Race engineer, and obviously F1 would be the dream. What I like the lost in that job is the trackside aspect, travelling, living the race. As I imagine, you need some years of experience to become a trackside F1 engineer. So do you think building experience in lower formulas like F2/F3, FE, or prototypes, GT...as performance/data engineer in smaller teams is a good way to line up for a trackside job in F1 ? Or is it recomended to start as an engineer at the lowest level directly in F1 and try to climb the ladder from there ? What is the proportion of your trackside colleagues that come from other motorsport categories ? Thanks ! Great - I look forward to working with you, or competing against you in the future!
That's a tough one. I wouldn't say trackside experience, per se, is very highly desired for trackside roles, but rather a demonstration of the deep technical/operational knowledge, the ability to deal with stress, etc. that makes people successful in those roles.
For this reason, I would say it's better to be in an F1 team and then attempt to try and go trackside, than to be trackside in a 'lower' formula.
The data, from my experience, suggests the same, the vast majority of engineers are in F1 first and then go trackside, rather than being trackside outside of F1 and moving to be trackside in F1.
That is not to say that experience in 'lower' formulae is not immensely useful to securing a job in F1 (just, I believe less preferred than F1 experience).
[deleted] We have - and not just sports too.
We have met with data scientists from football teams, coaches from the Olympics, rugby teams and professional cyclists - as well as many engineers and drivers from other motorsport series.
We also try and keep learning by working with partners or contacts across the military and commercial fields also.
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Can you expand on the military part? Only at a high level, I'm afraid - as I wouldn't want to give anything away to others.
One area that I can talk about is that many teams will use military or ex-military experts to coach/train/share ideas with their personnel as there is a lot of overlap (as there is with many commercial fields also). So, for example, the military practice high quality communications on a regular basis, in highly stressful/pressured situations - that's an area where many teams have worked with ex-RAF personnel, for example, to share best practice, to coach and teach personnel and to improve processes.
Hi Randy My question is, if there's for example safety car deployed and the decision whether pit or not have to be made quickly, can the race engineer and the driver make a decision without asking you? They can but they shouldn't and I can't think of an occasion when they have.
Strategy decisions are made by the strategy team (not necessarily by me) and we have processes in place for making decisions where we have lots of time (normally measured in minutes), down to decisions where we may have 2 or 3 seconds to decide what to do for both cars and execute the communications/actions to do it.
Sometimes we may pre-make the decision and sometimes we have to make it on the fly or override our original intent - the thing about safety cars is that the cause of them can often change your variables/strategy.
Can you speak on how the sport has changed in the past few years in aspect to big data. How has data gathering and manipulation changed the sport? Specifically when it comes to making decisions based on past and current strategies. What kind of software and hardware have made the biggest changes, and how do you see the future of F1 benefit from AI/Big-data? Thanks for any info you may be able to share. McLaren have always been data-driven, so things haven't changed too much recently. We are finding better ways to analyse the data we have and to draw insights from it. I'm afraid I can't say too much more.
Why is it that you still see signs being held out to the drivers at the pit wall? Surely there can’t be anything said on these signs which can’t be said over the car radio? There’s gonna be a simple answer id imagine. I’ve always thought that it would be hard to try read a sign while travelling at 200 mph? It happens so rarely nowadays but the radio can fail, so the pitboards are a backup for that. The drivers should always give them a look as they go past (and they rarely do!) in case the radio has failed.
In the current times, where radio is public to other teams they could also be used as a way of passing coded messages, but we do watch them and that doesn't seem to be the case.
Hey Randy! Big fan of your work last season! My question is: Other than focusing on optimising strategy through the various instruments you have for every next race, what portion of your work is dedicated to improving the tools you have to work out strategies, or developing new technologies and methods? Is this something done consistently or over the winter? And lastly, how much does McLaren Applied work with you in using the newer tools in their work? Thanks :) Thank you.
With how busy the season is, often it is difficult to spend too much time doing development in the season, so big projects are typically tackled over the Winter period between seasons (although this is also getting compressed).
However, we are constantly, both in race weekends and between, developing our analysis techniques, smaller pieces of software, our understanding of competitors' behaviours, etc. so there is a constant ongoing development battle.
We do work with McLaren Applied fairly frequently across the business - we're not currently doing that on strategy projects.
the below question has been split into two, enumerated
Hi, thanks for doing this AMA! I've spent a lot of time reading your answers!I don't know if you'll answer this too but I'll try asking something anyway 1. What are the possible roles that a computer science graduate could cover? Hi! If you wanted to be very computer science focused, I guess software engineering, IT and some of the compute type roles would be interesting. If you're willing to pick up engineering knowledge then things like Vehicle Science modelling and CFD can open up too.
2. What are the main languages/frameworks used in the F1 enviroment?
3. Are you worried about Daniel coming next year? I mean, probably it will be hard not to laugh for the entire week-end when he's with Lando! Thanks in advance, totally not a computer science student.
Hi Randeep, first of all, thanks for your deep insights into the world of Formula 1 and McLaren. My question to you is, how do McLaren (or any other F1 team for that matter) ensure a stable electrical power supply in the case of a loss of normal power supply (Diesel Generators/UPS/battery banks) at both the factory and less likely to occur but still possible, at the track? Bonus question; how do teams (McLaren) prepare for different types of electrical outlets, voltages and currents all around the world? To start - I’ll say I’m not an electrician - take the below with a pinch of salt.
Most teams will have generators at the track (actually various kinds - to run stuff on the grid, in the trucks at European events and external ones at fly away races) and some kind of UPS system as well. Power supplies at circuits can be ‘temperamental’ and often there are power outages for specific reasons too.
In terms of for electrical outlets - we as end users just bring our UK stuff and plug it in! There’s an electrician and IT team who ensure that everything is set up and good to go and sneak with different voltage, phase, etc. supplies.
How did it feel to be part of mclaren last year? Like it has been in an incredible year with outstanding results. I have to say, I have enjoyed every year at McLaren and I started in 2015 when the results weren't outstanding - I am working with really awesome people and even through the bad times it is great to see the team spirit that pervades through everyone.
Last year was incredible and it's good to get an upswing in performance and to see teammates celebrating the thick after making it through the thin!
Who won the bet where Lando had to have ur face as his lock screen till Abu Dhabi last year? Lando won the bet, but he also clearly has no shame. 😃
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Benefits of Trading Cryptocurrencies

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What makes this world so exciting is the volatility of the value of crypto currency. The price movements offer a lot of opportunities for traders. However, this comes with a lot of risk as well. Therefore, if you decide on exploring the market, just make sure you do your research and put together a risk management strategy.
Business Hours
Typically, the market is open for trade 24/7 because it is not regulated by any government. Moreover, the transactions are done between buyers and sellers across the world. There may be short downtimes when the infrastructural updates take place.
Improved Liquidity
Liquidity refers to how quickly a digital currency can be sold for cash. This feature is important as it allows quicker transaction times, better accuracy and better pricing. Generally, the market is kind of illiquid as the financial transactions happen across different exchanges. Therefore, small trades can bring large changes in the prices.
Leveraged Exposure
Since CFD trading is considered a leveraged product, you can open a position on what we call "margin". In this case, the value of the deposit is a fraction of the trade value. So, you can enjoy a great exposure to the market without investing a lot of money.
The loss or profit will reflect the value of the position at the time of its closure. Therefore, if you trade on margin, you can earn huge profits by investing a small amount of money. However, it also amplifies losses that may exceed your deposit on a trade. Therefore, make sure you take into account the total value of the position prior to investing in CFDs.
Also, it's important to ensure that you are following a solid risk management strategy, which should involve proper limits and stops.
submitted by PresentType to gpucoininfo [link] [comments]

KoinPro Trailing stop automatically shifts your loss limit and also empower you to monetize your traffic and receive up to 41.7% rebates

A platform that is built for everyone, it doesn't matter if you are entering to the crypto arena newly or you have gained experience over the years. The most developed contracts in the crypto space with an exclusive double-up contract just cater to your need always. You can automatically exit your position once a 100% profit is achieved and receive a whopping 41.7% through the referral system with a 3 tiers deep level.
KoinPro makes things easier as compared to what we have in most exchanges today. The platform charges a universal flat fee for all trader that is negligible, so you can concentrate on your trading without bothering on saving from the trading fees.
In the KoinPro platform, you can state your level of profit in which will be automatically executed when your forecast proves to be true. The trailing stop is there to shift your loss limit either up or down depending on the market situation. There are many features amongst which is the ability to review your liquidation price per position through the open position tab and adjust as needed by adding additional margin with the leverage slider or the risk limit tab. Everything is just there that trigger automatically when your speculation is right. You can trade CFD stocks and cryptos with Bitcoin, remain anonymous while trading. Just have a look and register with KoinPro today
submitted by victoroshi99 to ico [link] [comments]

Koinpro: The mastermind of CFD

KoinPro is definitely a burgeoning hi-fi exchange. It is definitely on the up. Usually Koinpro makes client security and priority . To make it one of the safest places to trade, customer funds are kept in cold storage wallets provided by BitGo—the world leader in secure digital asset storage. BitGo custody includes a $100 million insurance plan.
More on BitGo Provided at no extra cost,KoinPro users are provided this layer of insurance, and security. This insurance coverage protects digital assets held by BitGo, Inc. or BitGo Trust Company. BitGo underwritten by Lloyd’s of London—one of the UK’s largest insurance markets, has delivered institution-grade security for digital assets since its inception, and features state-of-the-art cold storage technology, which includes a bank-grade Class III vault and stringent controls designed to practically eliminate the risk of loss. Full details about the BitGo custody and insurance protection can be found here.Institutional digital assets trading through BitGo Prime with the ability to trade from secure, insured cold storage. Developed to meet the growing needs of digital asset clients and investors, our fully integrated prime trading solution allows clients to trade their crypto assets directly and anonymously from the safety and security of insured cold storage at BitGo Trust. BitGo Prime is your sole counterparty Prices derived from a wide range of Tier 1 institutions such as exchanges and professional market makers Trading on a fully non-disclosed basis Fully integrated with BitGo Portfolio & Tax Sourcing from a deep pool of liquidity across a number of leading exchanges and market makers, BitGo Prime acts on a riskless principal basis, providing liquidity to clients directly on a non-disclosed basis. One of the strong points of Koinpro is its CFD features. Quite innovative. A contract for differences (CFD) is an agreement between an investor and a CFD broker to exchange the difference in the value of a financial product between the time the contract opens and closes.
It originated in the 90s in London, England. It has some inherent risks. They are Market, Liquidation and Counterparty risks
Market risk
This is the most important of the risks as CFD trading is designed to pay the difference between the opening price and the closing price of the underlying asset. CFDs are traded on margin, and the leveraging effect of this increases the risk significantly.It is this very risk that drives the use of CFDs, either to speculate on movements in financial markets or to hedge existing positions. The use of the Stop Loss orders helps reduce this risk. Users typically deposit an amount of money with the CFD provider to cover the margin and can lose much more than this deposit if the market moves against them.
Liquidation risk
This occurs when prices move against an open CFD position, additional variation margin is required to maintain the margin level. The CFD providers may call upon the party to deposit additional sums to cover this, in what is known as a margin call. In fast moving markets, margin calls may be at short notice. If funds are not provided in time, the CFD provider may close/liquidate the positions at a loss for which the other party is liable.
Counterparty risk
In this type of CFD risk is counterparty risk, a factor in most over-the-counter (OTC) traded derivatives. Counterparty risk is associated with the financial stability or solvency of the counterparty to a contract. In the context of CFD contracts, if the counterparty to a contract fails to meet their financial obligations, the CFD may have little or no value regardless of the underlying instrument. This means that a CFD trader could potentially incur severe losses, even if the underlying instrument moves in the desired direction. OTC CFD providers are required to segregate client funds protecting client balances in event of company default, but cases such as that of MF Global remind us that guarantees can be broken. Exchange-traded contracts traded through a clearing house are generally believed to have less counterparty risk. Ultimately, the degree of counterparty risk is defined by the credit risk of the counterparty, including the clearing house if applicable
https://koinpro.com/
https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5219842
submitted by redoc77 to Crypto_General [link] [comments]

Koinpro: CFD risk sharing

A contract for differences (CFD) is an agreement between an investor and a CFD broker to exchange the difference in the value of a financial product between the time the contract opens and closes.
It originated in the 90s in London, England. It has some inherent risks. They are Market, Liquidation and Counterparty risks
Market risk
This is the most important of the risks as CFD trading is designed to pay the difference between the opening price and the closing price of the underlying asset. CFDs are traded on margin, and the leveraging effect of this increases the risk significantly.It is this very risk that drives the use of CFDs, either to speculate on movements in financial markets or to hedge existing positions. The use of the Stop Loss orders helps reduce this risk. Users typically deposit an amount of money with the CFD provider to cover the margin and can lose much more than this deposit if the market moves against them.
Liquidation risk
This occurs when prices move against an open CFD position, additional variation margin is required to maintain the margin level. The CFD providers may call upon the party to deposit additional sums to cover this, in what is known as a margin call. In fast moving markets, margin calls may be at short notice. If funds are not provided in time, the CFD provider may close/liquidate the positions at a loss for which the other party is liable.
Counterparty risk
In this type of CFD risk is counterparty risk, a factor in most over-the-counter (OTC) traded derivatives. Counterparty risk is associated with the financial stability or solvency of the counterparty to a contract. In the context of CFD contracts, if the counterparty to a contract fails to meet their financial obligations, the CFD may have little or no value regardless of the underlying instrument. This means that a CFD trader could potentially incur severe losses, even if the underlying instrument moves in the desired direction. OTC CFD providers are required to segregate client funds protecting client balances in event of company default, but cases such as that of MF Global remind us that guarantees can be broken. Exchange-traded contracts traded through a clearing house are generally believed to have less counterparty risk. Ultimately, the degree of counterparty risk is defined by the credit risk of the counterparty, including the clearing house if applicable
There are a lot of exchanges, both crypto and fiat(mainstream and otherwise) trading tools like CFD, oil, futures etc; but not one of them Integrates CFDs like Koinpro. Its a no-brainer choice, since going for KoinPro’s unique double-UP contract, customers can simply enter into a predefined order position that will automatically terminate when the position either gains or loses 100% of its value, or when the contract expires — whichever comes first.
https://koinpro.com/
https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5219842
submitted by redoc77 to Crypto_General [link] [comments]

CFDs versus options

CFDs versus options
Hello autists,
Autistic question for you. I've been trading CFDs for the last few months, up about ~200% thanks to catching the crash on its way down, then down ~50% thinking it would keep going. Currently cash gang. I don't believe the current bull rally, so looking to short again soon, probably if the S&P hits ~3,000.
As I am sure all of you are aware, some of the retards over there at WSB having been making 10x and 100x returns (survivorship bias I am sure), but I wanted to check the potential upside of options compared to CFDs (which our blessed country still allows).
Assume I want to risk $5,000 and I predict SPY will go to 220 within a few months. If I do with with a CFD, it would look like this:

https://preview.redd.it/ggffpoimcwr41.png?width=1018&format=png&auto=webp&s=d170ec32eb79a15494d9d7c06a618330b2c95394
So, basically I am short 15 units of SPX 500, my stop loss is $5k if market his ~3,000 (my total risk in some sense) and take profit it market his ~2,000 / SPY 200, where I would make $15k profit.
If I did an equivalent kind of thing with options, it would look like this:
https://preview.redd.it/owcty2n0dwr41.png?width=729&format=png&auto=webp&s=b88bb0ff08fd42e78692672b96ab90b4a6c72e61
The image shows profit calculations based on ~5k worth of puts with a strike price of $220 and expiry of 19th June. That is, it's a very similar scenario to the CFD example.
My question is why anybody would be these puts when the CFD seems more attractive.
CFD benefits:
  • Market goes side ways for 3 months, you basically just lose your holding cost (a few dollars per day). With puts, you are immediately in the red from day one if market goes sideways, and after a month your position has halved in value.
  • If market drops late (e.g. 2 months), CFDs will print $$, puts will still be in the red simply due to how their value is calculated.
  • With puts, basically, only in the case where I get a drop to 220 within a month, can I get profit of ~$15k. And that drop has to be straight to 220 (which is obviously not likely to happen that quickly). With CFDs, if any any point in the next 3 months I get a drop to 220, I make ~$15k less minimal holding costs (i.e. if the next leg down is staggered which is more likely in my opinion, then the CFD is much more attractive).
PUT benefits:
  • The only benefit I see is that a rise beyond 300 will wipe out the CFD position, but it won't wipe out the PUTs. It will render then at a significant loss, but with the possibility of gaining in value later. However, if this happens, basically the entire thesis that SPY is going to 220 is wrong, and I would be cashing out the puts then anyway. So I'd have a small saving (e.g. ~50% loss instead of 100%). This is all excluding the chance that SPY has another sharp leg up and then an epic crash which is of course possible, but I would be surprised if the difference in benefits between PUTs and CFDs in this case came down to the relatively unlikely chance of that happens.
In evaluating this I am confused why options can sometimes be more attractive than CFDs. I am aware that with CFDs my counter party is the MM but that has not been a problem so far and seems to be an overblown concern unless you are trading on signficant margin or holding short term positions where by manipulating their instruments they can wipe your positions out (I am not in these categories).
Another explanation might be that current options are poorly priced due to high IV; perhaps if they were not price highly, the above options profit calculator would be much more attractive. If that is the case then that is the simple answer - basically (1) when volitility is high, trade CFDs, when it is low, trade options. But since I am retarded, I don't know how IV affects option pricing.
Basically - with puts I am betting the market will go down, this is less likely than what I am betting with CFDs, which is the market will go down but if it i goes sideways, I don't even lose money (with puts I do). But a CFD in this example gives the same return (more or less). What am I missing?
TL; DR SPY 220 JULY-19, however via CFDs and not PUTs since PUTs seem worse value to me unless I am autistic.
submitted by missionsubs to ASX_Bets [link] [comments]

[Austria] The one broker choice thread to finish them all

Servus to all personal finance gurus - I just wanted to ask for your advice and open a bit of a discussion regarding best brokers available in Austria for different uses. I am breaking this post down into three main parts - best brokers for ETFs, casual long-term investment into stocks and day trading. In the future, I personally anticipate all three uses for myself, with a money distribution of something like 65/30/5 percent.
For each of the uses, I am listing the main priorities I have identified and the broker of choice - however, this list is by no means final, and I would very much like to listen to your thoughts and considerations on the matter!
1. ETF broker (looking to invest consistently in S&P + EM, as well as time-to-time into thematic ETFs such as AI, Machine learning etc.) - Flatex
What I prioritise:
Other existing options: conventional banks like Erste (too expensive), Trade Republic (has a Sparplan, still not open in Austria, not steuereinfach), DADAT/Hello Bank (too few ETFs to choose from)

2. Long-term stock portfolio broker (to invest consistently in a portfolio of 10-15 companies for a long term, with sums under 1000EUR pro transaction) - Degiro or Trading 212? Both non-steuereinfach, both low-cost (T212 is no-commission) - which would you recommend and why? (or maybe even Flatex?)
What I prioritise:
Other existing options: Flatex (steuereinfach, but expensive (up to 5,90 per trade)), Revolut (using it currently, but the spreads seem bad, there are no limit orders etc., there are reports of users getting locked out for weeks, as well as reports of app malfunctioning when trading volumes go up), Interactive Brokers (Inactivity fees).

3. Day-trading or option broker (looking to have some fun with trading on short term-basis, ready to lose the entire deposit for the sake of learning) - Trading 212
What I prioritise:
Other existing options: Flatex (steuereinfach and has a day trader flat fee account), Interactive brokers (seems very 1990s from their website), Degiro (almost the same as T212, seems to have a more limited CFD/options array, short position and leverage fees are higher)
  1. Bonus level - Crypto trading (never tried yet, may be up for some signal-based day trading + a small speculative investments portfolio) - Binance. Priorities: a secure platform + low fees.

I would be incredibly grateful for any analysis / critique of the above - and let’s together make the definitive list that all our Austrian co-redditors could use!
submitted by a-rain-in-rotterdam to Finanzen [link] [comments]

Understanding CFD's Margins WHAT IS A CFD? (CFD TRADING) ❗❓ CFD - What is a margin? - YouTube A Guide To CFD Margin Calls

Whenever you are trading with CFDs (Contracts for Difference) and you wish to open a position with a given instrument, there will be a required margin of funds in order to open and maintain the position. The funds will appear as blocked while the position remains open and they will be released again once the position is closed. What is a CFD? 'Contracts for difference', or just CFDs, are tradable products that follow the prices of global financial markets. A CFD allows you to obtain direct exposure to an underlying asset, for example, Gold, UK 100 or EUR/USD, without the need of owning the underlying asset. You will make gains or incur losses as a result of price ... Margin in trading is the deposit required to open and maintain a leveraged position using products such as CFDs and spread bets. When trading on margin, you will get full market exposure by putting up just a fraction of a trade’s full value. Margin Trading Definition: ... Trading Forex, CFD, Binary Options, and other financial instruments carries a high risk of loss and is not suitable for all investors. The information and videos are not an investment recommendation and serve to clarify the market mechanisms. The texts on this page are not an investment recommendation. Margin in trading is the deposit required to open and maintain a leveraged position using products such as CFDs. When trading on margin, you will get full market exposure by putting up just a fraction of a trade’s full value.

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Understanding CFD's Margins

http://Trader.ge CFD Margin And Leverage: How It Works 🤷🏿‍♂️ - Duration: 8:16. UKspreadbetting 3,287 views. ... Day Trading CFD's for 1,286$ in 1 hour - Meir Barak - Duration: 9:26. CFD - What is a margin? - Duration: 2:39. Galt & Taggart 8,434 views. ... Vince Stanzione Making Money From Trading 26,602 views. 8:29. How to Trade Options on Robinhood for Beginners in 2020 ... CFDs allow for margin trading which is one advantage CFDs have over conventional shares trading. Our channel sponsor for this month are Pepperstone meaning these guys are covering our costs of ...

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